The loss of nerve cells in the human brain is a natural aging process. However, if it exceeds the usual level, it is called a neurodegenerative disease. Among the best known and most common neurodegenerative diseases are Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. One focus of the Biospectroscopy competence area is the development of innovative, minimally invasive spectroscopic methods for the early diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases.
The growth and division of body cells is a natural and highly controlled process. However, damage to the genetic information can lead to uncontrolled proliferation of degenerate cells. If this happens, it is called cancer. The earlier and more precisely cancer is diagnosed, the higher the probability of a complete recovery. One focus of the Biospectroscopy competence area is the development of imaging spectroscopic methods for the precise, therapy-decisive and early diagnosis of oncological diseases.